Australia: End of Financial Year lull

  • The End of Financial Year (EOFY) may be approaching, but tier-1 economic data in Australia is scarce this week. The latest update on Aussie household finances will be keenly observed given the laser-like focus of the Reserve Bank and economists on the biggest driver of economic growth – household consumption.  
  • The week kicks-off on Tuesday with the latest weekly reading on consumer confidence by Roy Morgan and ANZ. The number of optimists currently outweigh the number of pessimists. Improving job security, potential personal income tax cuts and EOFY sales have boosted consumer sentiment. That said, rising petrol prices, the weaker Aussie dollar, anaemic wage growth and falling home prices have weighed on household views.   
  • Also on Tuesday, the Reserve Bank Head of Payments Policy, Tony Richards, speaks at the Australian Business Economists (ABE) event on cryptocurrencies.
  • On Wednesday, the ABS releases the March quarter publication Engineering Construction Activity. While the ‘top level’ results have already been published, the publication goes into more detail about where the work is being done and how much activity is still to be completed.
  • On Thursday, the ABS releases the Finance & Wealth publication. The publication contains a raft of indicators such as household debt and wealth and sectoral holdings of financial assets such as foreign ownership of shares and bonds.
  • Total household wealth (net worth) stood at a record $10,192.3 billion at the end of December, up $191.7 billion or 1.9 per cent over the quarter. In per capita terms, we estimated that wealth rose to a record $411,229 in the December quarter. And foreigners held a record $581.4 billion of Aussie shares in the December quarter or 30.4 per cent of the total.
  • On Thursday, the Bureau of Statistics releases the latest data on job vacancies – a key leading indicator of the job market. Job vacancies rose by 4.3 per cent to a record 220,900 in the three months to February. Job vacancies are up 19.3 per cent on a year ago – the strongest annual growth rate in over seven years. Compositionally, jobs growth has been led by the health services, education and construction-related industries. Near-record female participation in the workforce is lifting part-time jobs growth.   
  • The Reserve Bank also issues the May Financial Aggregates publication on Friday. Most interest is in the estimate of private sector credit (effectively loans outstanding) but measures of money supply are also released. Private sector credit (effectively outstanding loans) rose by 0.4 per cent in April after a 0.5 per cent rise in March. Credit was up 5.1 per cent over the year. Bank deposits rose just 2.5 per cent over the year to April.
  • Also on Friday, new home sales data for May is scheduled to be released by the Housing Industry Association.

Overseas: US economic growth and China manufacturing activity data dominate

  • Over the coming week, US economic growth, the US Federal Reserve’s preferred inflation measure, the core personal consumption expenditure deflator, and Chinese profits and manufacturing data are all released.
  • The week begins in the US with the release of two influential regional activity gauges from the Federal Reserve Banks of Chicago and Dallas on Monday and Tuesday.
  • Also on Tuesday, housing data comes into focus. New home sales are forecast to lift by 0.6 per cent in May to around 666,000 units. And a 0.2 per cent gain in home prices is projected in April, bringing the annual growth rate for the S&P/Case-Shiller 20-city gauge to 6.5 per cent. US home prices grew at the fastest quarterly rate since 2006 in March. The regular weekly data on chain store sales rounds-out the data.
  • On Wednesday, Chinese industrial profits data are issued for May. Profit growth rebounded strongly by 21.9 per cent over the year to April on the back of a favourable base effect and strong sequential growth. Unwinding of the Chinese New Year holiday effect contributed to the acceleration of revenue growth and industrial profit growth.
  • Also on Wednesday, there’s a data deluge in the US. The Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index, Conference Board consumer confidence, trade, durable goods orders and the regular weekly data on mortgage finance are all issued. US consumers' assessment of current economic conditions is at a 17-year high. An overall US trade deficit of US$67.3 billion is expected in May, up from US$68.2 billion in April. And a key measure of business investment, durable goods orders, is tipped to lift by 0.2 per cent in May after a 1.6 per cent fall in April.
  • On Thursday, the final estimate of US economic growth (GDP) for the March quarter is released. No change in the annualised growth rate at 2.2 per cent is expected. Annual retail sales growth has picked-up to 5.9 per cent over the year to May, implying that the ‘soft patch’ in household consumption in early 2018 is behind us.  
  • Also on Thursday, in the US is the regular weekly data on new claims for unemployment insurance.
  • On Friday, influential regional gauges from the Federal Reserve Banks of Chicago and Kansas are released. The personal income and spending report is also issued. The Fed’s preferred measure of inflation – the personal consumption expenditure deflator – will be keenly observed. The deflator is expected to increase by 0.2 per cent to an annual growth rate of 2.1 per cent in May.
  • On Saturday, China’s manufacturing and services purchasing managers’ indexes are released. Manufacturing activity rose in May to the highest level since September 2017. Solid growth momentum, unseasonally hot weather, and rising upstream commodity prices may have contributed to the increase.